- Case Name: In Re Problems and Miseries of Migrant Labourers
- Justice Name: M.R. Shah
- Date of Verdict: April 20, 2023
Brief Facts: A public interest litigation was filed regarding problems faced by migrant workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Supreme Court had been monitoring the steps taken by the government.
Key Submissions by Union of India:
– Over 28 crore migrant workers have registered on the eShram portal launched to provide support to unorganized workers.
– Data sharing guidelines issued to states to provide eShram data for welfare schemes.
– Approximately 20 crore eShram registered workers also have ration cards.
– Supreme Court appreciated the eShram registration effort by the government.
– However, not all eShram registered workers have ration cards yet. Without ration cards, they may be deprived of welfare schemes and food security benefits.
– Directed states to expedite issuing ration cards to remaining eShram registered workers within 3 months.
– Welfare state’s duty to ensure migrants/unorganized workers get food security and social security benefits.
Takeaway for common man:
– Importance of migrant workers highlighted, and their welfare is government’s duty.
– Getting ration card essential to access government welfare schemes and food security.
– EShram portal useful for migrant workers to get registered and get benefits.
Takeaway for law students:
– PIL an effective tool to highlight issues of marginalized sections.
– Supreme Court continuing monitoring ensures accountability and implementation of relief measures for migrants.
– Creative use of technology (eShram portal) appreciated but directed linking with on-ground welfare measures.